Credit Risk

Rich-monopoly-manWith the renewed tension between the US and China, well, lets’ face it, the World, on trade issues, it’s a good idea to look at a captive to help mitigate such risks. President Trump just announced $250 billion dollars in tariffs targeting Chinese products, on top of previous tariffs already announced. One could argue whether it’s a good policy or not, but the facts that there will be increased risks in international trade is a fact.

As countries ratchet up the rhetoric and retaliation, insurers are weighing how companies will deal with the pressure. Trade credit insurance protects companies from the risk that buyers will be unable to pay. If governments implement more tariffs, it could increase the cost of production and ultimately put stress on retailers and distributors to either raise prices on consumers or shrink profits. If the stress is enough to put the buyer out of business, the supplier would activate its trade credit insurance to get reimbursed for defaulted payments, for example.

As reported in Insurance Business America in June, the potential failure of an agreement on NAFTA also presents risks. If NAFTA fails or is dramatically renegotiated, companies will be forced to redraft their production models and their supply chains. That will take a lot of money, time and could significantly increase their credit risk.

Forward-thinking organizations with international exposure are now seeing the benefits of bringing their own captive insurance company into the equation as a way to control the risks. Thus, trade credit and political risk are joining the growing list of non-traditional lines that captive managers are now using to better leverage the benefits of their captive.  Structured many ways, using a mix of fronting and reinsurance, some of the benefits could be:

  • Diversification of the captive into trade credit risks, which are not historically correlated with property and casualty risks
  • Additional premium flow into the captive and resulting investment income
  • Non-cancelable trade credit insurance coverage
  • An additional set of experienced eyes on the credit risks that the customer is taking onto its balance sheet

Ultimately, trade credit insurance can help companies apply longer-term risk management strategies. However, the continuing trade war puts every part of the economy at risk, and any trade risk insurance can only help so much.

Thank you all very much, and I look forward to hearing from you.

Rich Smith
VCIA President

It was a sizzling conference!

2018collagefinalThanks to all who joined us in Burlington, Vermont, earlier this month for another great VCIA captive insurance conference.  More than 85% of conference survey responses rated our conference the best or better than most. With over 1000 attendees from 44 States and 9 countries, where more than 25% were captive owners, our annual gathering in August has grown to be THE captive insurance forum!

The conference had great energy – people liked the fresh format changes and extra touches, and, as one attendee stated the conference is “the best congregation of the captive industry in the U.S.” while another stated it was “the perfect environment for meeting the alternative risk and captive community”.  Many thanks to our sponsors and exhibitors without whom we could not put on such an event, as well as to the hundreds of volunteers who make it happen.

Now after a little break, we are back to work again looking out for the captive industry. We have a bunch of webinars being planned for the rest of the year, including Regulatory Compliance on September 20th, Captive Benchmarking on October 17th, State of the Union for Captives on November 15th with Dave Provost, Jim McIntyre and me summarizing all things legislatively current, and our annual Captive Taxation Update webinar on December 13th so keep your eyes on our website!

Thank you all very much, and I look forward to hearing from you.

Rich Smith
VCIA President

Time’s a Tickin’

 

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Hey, you! Yes, you! If you haven’t registered for the World’s Best Captive Conference™ yet, it’s time to get to it!  The Early Bird Rates for VCIA’s Annual Captive Conference expire this Saturday, June 30 and we don’t want you to miss out on the savings.

Top 10 Reasons to Come to VCIA!   Register Now!

  1. The VCIA conference is a great source forcaptive career development and networking; earn CPE / CLE / ICCIE credit
  2. We offer sessions with focus areas for those new to captive insurance, those in accounting / finance, operations, and risk management. Professional development sessions are offered as well. Sessions are interactive and fun.
  3. Nearly 100 companies exhibit at the conference, featuring the newest industry product and service developments.
  4. The event will have two excellent keynote speakersJack Uldrich is a renowned Global Futurist and award winning author; he will speak on trends transforming tomorrow. Joel Cohen is an Emmy award winning writer and producer for “The Simpsons.”  He is a hilarious speaker and will discuss the Simpsons, creative process, group dynamics & innovation.
  5. Risk management tour for captive owners. Captive owners are welcome on a special outing to tour Green Mountain Power, Vermont’s largest utility, and hear from their Risk Managers.
  6. Panelists who are captive owners from some of the most prestigious organizations in the world teach at VCIA. All the industry’s key players will be at the VCIA Conference!
  7. For attendees guests or spouse, there is a fun Vermont outing available.
  8. Global collaborationmake connections with professionals in all areas of captive insurance!
  9. VCIA is great for those new to the industry, or long-time participants. Educational offerings for all levels.
  10. VCIA is a great opportunity to relax, learn and have fun with industry peers!

So get on it! We look forward to seeing you in Vermont in August.
Thank you all very much!

Rich Smith
VCIA President

Actuaries and Hang-gliding!

Senior businessman laughing at office meeting

Two of my favorite jokes about actuaries are:

  1. An actuary, an underwriter, and an insurance salesperson are riding in a car. The salesperson has his foot on the gas, the underwriter has his foot on the brake, and the actuary is looking out the back window telling them where to go; and
  2. Two actuaries are duck hunting. They see a duck in the air and they both shoot. The first actuary’s shot is 20 feet wide to the left. The second actuary’s shot is 20 feet wide to the right. The actuaries give each other high fives, because on average they shot it.

Funny? Well, a little bit any way. Actuaries kind of get a raw deal as being so geeky and numbers orientated that they have trouble fitting into polite company. But I don’t find that true, for the most part.  I did have an actuary friend of mine tell me in all seriousness that he dreams in numbers – really!

USHPA

Here’s where the hang-gliding comes in: we have a number of the best actuaries in the captive business speaking at our upcoming annual conference with the RRG risk management officer for the US Hang Gliding and Paragliding Association. It’s shaping up to be one of our most popular conference sessions and is sure to be fascinating.

Recreation Risk Retention Group (RRRG) was created in 2016 to insure the unique risks faced by the hang gliding and paragliding industry. Tim Herr has over 30 years experience as a transactional and trial attorney in both state and federal courts and has represented the United States Hang Gliding and Paragliding Association for almost 30 years.

Joining Tim at our session entitled Innovative Spotlight: Financing Unique Risk will be Bob Gagliardi, head of AIG’s captive management and US Fronting operations, and Rob Walling, Principal and Consulting Actuary with Pinnacle Actuarial Resources, Inc. Behind the scene we have Mike Meehan from Milliman and Aaron Hildebrandt from Pinnacle providing their guidance and actuarial expertise.

This session explores the process RRRG went through to add unique risks to their program and will include details of the expected and unexpected obstacles encountered in adding the unique coverage, and how the obstacles were overcome.   And here is the kicker that should grab your attention: actuarial considerations will be covered! So come and join us, learn something, and laugh a little…

OK, last joke: How much is two plus two? A marketing VP will say “22”. An accountant will say “4.00”. A mathematician will say “I can demonstrate it equals 4 with the following proof … ” An actuary will ask “What do you want it to equal?”

Thank you and I look forward to seeing you August 7 – 9!

Rich Smith
VCIA President

South Pacific…A Captive Story (Not the Musical)

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I read a news story back a few months which I thought was pretty cool. The government of the Pacific Island country Tonga had received a $3.5 million pay-out from a captive, the Pacific Catastrophe Risk Insurance Company (PCRIC), following Cyclone Gita that struck the islands on February 12, 2018.

The PCRIC offers member countries parametric insurance which is designed to payout within 10 days after a triggering event, providing those in need with valuable funds very soon after an event occurs. Something this vital for vulnerable regions when addressing the impacts of natural disasters and climate-related events.  The PCRIC purchased reinsurance from four international reinsurers, with additional capital contributions from the Multi-Donor Trust Fund, which includes contributions from Germany, Japan, the U.S., and the UK, and is managed by the World Bank. Sure enough, funds from the program were transferred after seven days of the cyclone event, providing the Tongan government with appropriate financing to support disaster-relief efforts and effective service delivery to the affected areas.

Gita reached its peak intensity as a Category 4 cyclone before making landfall on Tonga on February 12, where its destructive wind strength caused wide spread damage.  PCRIC chief executive David Traill said, “It is clear that the increased level of coverage provided to Pacific Island countries through the establishment and capitalization of PCRIC by our donor partners has made a positive impact on the support we are able to deliver to the Pacific Island region.”

To me, this story reinforces the growing recognition of climate change and related severe weather events to the insurance world. I believe captives can and will play a more important role as the world confronts this problem.  At the upcoming VCIA Annual Conference August 7-9 there will be a terrific session called Natural Catastrophes and their Impact on Risk Management, which will feature the following experts sharing information on the potential impact of natural catastrophes on risk management:

  • Gillian Galford, an Earth Systems Scientist at the University of Vermont and lead author of the Vermont Climate Assessment
  • Howard Kunst, Senior Modeler and Chief Actuary, at CoreLogic
  • Jason Shafer, Professor of Atmospheric Sciences at Lyndon State Colleges, who focuses on the valuation of weather information within the private sector
  • John Ferrara, FCAS, MAAA, senior manager at Ernst & Young

Register soon at www.vcia.com to get the best rates! Early rates expire June 30th. We look forward to seeing you in Vermont in August. Thank you all very much!

Rich Smith
VCIA President

Vermont has built an ARC (Affiliated Reinsurance Company)

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At a cyber security roundtable hosted by Vermont’s Department of Financial Regulation on May 17, Vermont’s Gov. Phil Scott signed a bill creating a new reinsurance option for U.S. companies affected by a key provision of the U.S. tax overhaul.

The half-day roundtable provided a discussion of emerging cybersecurity regulatory regimes of the banking, insurance and securities industries.  VCIA board member, Anne Marie Towle, Executive Vice President for JLT Insurance Management and the Captive Practice Leader, served on a panel that explored Innovation and Developments in the Cybersecurity Insurance Market and Risk Management Alternatives with a number of other experts, including Fred Eslami, Associate Director with the alternative risk transfer group at A.M. Best. It was an excellent presentation in the inaugural DFR series seeking to provide the insurance and financial services industry in Vermont with education and resources.

The bill the Governor signed (H.719) offers an onshore affiliated reinsurance alternative to insurance companies affected by the Base Erosion Anti-Abuse Tax on reinsurance ceded to offshore affiliates.  The BEAT provision included in the tax reform package adopted in December aims to circumvent profit movement overseas by imposing a minimum tax on certain deductible payments made to a foreign affiliate, including payments such as management fees and royalties, but excluding costs of goods sold, beginning in tax years after Dec. 31, 2017. It applies a minimum tax of 10% of taxable income.

It started when Ed Koral, Specialist Leader at Deloitte Consulting (and recent VCIA board member – see, we are all over the place…) approached the State of Vermont with a need for an onshore alternative for those reinsurers offshore that will be impacted by BEAT.  The concept is very similar to the Special Purpose Financial Captive, without the requirement for a securitization transaction. One of the key provisions of the law is the investment flexibility it provides companies. Unlike more prescriptive investment rules, these new affiliated reinsurance companies will develop an investment policy that addresses diversity and liquidity concerns, and the Department of Financial Regulation will work with the company to approve it.

This new law once again represents Vermont’s ability to adapt quickly to regulatory changes in support of the financial services industry.

At the upcoming VCIA Annual Conference August 7-9 there will be terrific education for captive professionals, including Hot Topics with Dave Provost, who will undoubtedly talk about this new legislation. Other sessions include Innovative Spotlight: Financing Unique Risk, Economic Headwinds and Tailwinds Impacting Captives, Owner Lessons Learned in Establishing a Captive, and The Cognitive Captive: Artificial Intelligence for Smarter Insurance. Register soon at http://www.vcia.com to get the best rates! Early rates expire June 30th.

We look forward to seeing you in Vermont in August. Thank you all very much!

Rich Smith
VCIA President

You Bet Your CPA!

Today, it’s a given that captive insurance professionals are some of the top people in their fields of expertise. However, it wasn’t that long ago that VCIA and the Vermont captive industry had to fight to prove that experience in captive management should count toward earning the Certified Public Accountancy (CPA) designation.

Back in 2005, the Vermont Board of Public Accountancy questioned the value of work experience in a captive management firm towards achieving a CPA designation.  Through hard work and smart advocacy, VCIA and its members were able to turn the tide and get that recognition.

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Christopher Plumpton, SRS

Today, two of the most important CPA organizations in Vermont are chaired by  captive professionals.  Christopher Plumpton, Senior Account Manager at SRS, is the Chair of the Vermont Society of CPAs, whose mission is to promote, protect, and represent the interests of their members and the profession while fostering the highest ethical standards.

Partlow,-Josh-photo

Josh Partlow, Johnson Lambert

And Josh Partlow, Partner at Johnson Lambert, who recently stepped down as Chair of the Vermont Board of Public Accountancy and is a member of AICPA, where he served on their national Auditing Standards Board.  The Board was created by the legislature whose members are appointed by the governor to administer the laws for this profession in the state of Vermont.

 

 

At the VCIA Annual Conference in August there will be terrific education for accountants, including Update on Federal & State Tax Issues Involving Captives, Financial Statements 101, and looking to the future Blockchain & Distributed Ledgers. Make sure to register soon at www.vcia.com to get our early bird rates that expire June 1st.

We look forward to seeing you in Vermont in August. Thank you all very much!

Rich Smith
VCIA President